For those who wish to attract hummingbirds to their yard or garden, there are a variety of different trees, shrubs, vines, and both annual and perennial flowers that can be planted to encourage these tiny winged visitors. Selecting the right types of plants that attract hummingbirds and having various varieties that bloom throughout the growing season will work best.
Hummingbirds tend to be attracted to plants that are highly visible and that produce the nectar they feed upon. It is also advisable to avoid the use of pesticides on plants that hummingbirds will frequent. The birds eat the small insects on plants as a source of protein, and the pesticides may sicken or even kill these tiny birds.
The bee balm plant is a North American native, thriving in woodland areas. Bee Balm is very attractive to bees. butterflies, and hummingbirds. The bee balm is very attractive to bees, butterflies, and humming birds. The bee balm flower has an open, daisy-like shape, with tubular petals in shades of red, pink, and purple and whites.. They are a perennial plant that will continue to attract humming birds year after year.
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Gladiolus is a perennial favored for its beautiful, showy flowers. Its flowers grow tall spike are often found in cutting gardens or in the back along the border, because they grow so tall. Its best to plant gladiolus bulbs in the spring after the danger of frost has passed. Gladioli like well-drained, light soil and full sun. It takes about 90 days from the time gladioli are planted to root, grow, bloom and store enough energy for the next season. Gladioli grow in a variety of different colors, and are a great source of color for any garden, and with the bloom the hummingbirds will come.
Want to add some height to your garden? Consider including hollyhock, which blooms over a long period in summer. Depending on cultivar, its blooms come in singles and doubles in shades of lavender, pink, purple, red, salmon, apricot, white and yellow. The fast-growing hollyhock can reach up to 8 feet in height, and its blooms also attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Hollyhock is a biennial or short-lived perennial but reseeds itself readily in the garden.
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Lupines are attractive and spiky, reaching 1 to 4 feet in height and are great for adding texture to the back of any flower bed. Lupine flowers may be annual or perennial depending on which ones are purchased. Lupines bloom over a two-month period, which can range from May to July, depending on the variety and the growing zone. The dense floral spikes of a lupines grow in shades of purple, pink, red, white and yellow. The foliage resembles palm leaves, with seven to ten leaflet segments each.
Delphiniums are perennials grown for their showy spikes of colorful summer flowers in gorgeous shades of blue, pink, white and purple. They prefer moist, cool summers and do not fare well in hot, dry weather. The plants also dislike sudden wind or rain. Hummingbirds love delphinium, which blooms in early summer. Height for these perennials can average anywhere from 2 to 8 feet tall, depending on variety. Delphinium requires rich soil, and areas with relatively cool summers.